GDPR : Article 70 - Tasks of the Board

by Sneha Naskar

The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) stands as one of the most far-reaching and influential data protection frameworks in the world, impacting not only the European Union (EU) but also setting global standards for data privacy. At the heart of this comprehensive regulation lies Article 70, a pivotal section that outlines the responsibilities and functions of the European Data Protection Board (EDPB). In this extensive exploration, we will dive deep into Article 70 of GDPR, elucidating the multifaceted tasks and roles that empower the EDPB to protect the fundamental right to data protection for all EU citizens.

GDPR Article 70: Understanding its Duties and Responsibilities

Understanding the European Data Protection Board (EDPB)

Before we embark on a detailed examination of Article 70, it is imperative to grasp the paramount role and significance of the European Data Protection Board. The EDPB serves as the linchpin of GDPR enforcement, a central authority established to ensure the consistent and harmonized application of data protection rules across the EU. The core objective is clear: safeguarding the rights and freedoms of individuals concerning their personal data. The European Data Protection Board (EDPB) achieves this mission by providing guidance, issuing opinions, and fostering cooperation among national supervisory authorities. In essence, it acts as the guardian of data protection within the European Union, reinforcing the GDPR's commitment to protecting individuals in the digital age.

GDPR Article 70: Understanding its Duties and Responsibilities

Article 70 of the GDPR provides a comprehensive framework for the tasks of the EDPB. Let's methodically dissect these tasks, unraveling their profound implications:

  • Coordinating the Consistency Mechanism (Article 63)

At the heart of GDPR's efficacy is its consistency mechanism. The EDPB assumes a pivotal role in ensuring the uniform application of the GDPR throughout the EU. This involves close cooperation with national data protection authorities (DPAs) to develop a consensus on various data protection matters. By issuing guidelines and recommendations, the EDPB acts as a guiding light, fostering harmonization across the EU's intricate landscape of data protection regulations. This uniformity is crucial for avoiding confusion and ensuring that both data controllers and data subjects are on the same page when it comes to data privacy.

  • Issuing Binding Decisions (Article 65)

Article 65 vests the EDPB with the authority to issue binding decisions in cases of disputes between DPAs concerning cross-border data processing. These decisions are not merely recommendations; they carry the force of law. This mechanism serves as a robust tool for resolving conflicts that may arise when multiple DPAs are involved in a single case. It ensures that data subjects' rights remain protected and enforces a clear framework for dispute resolution, thereby promoting legal certainty in cross-border data processing.

  • Handling Urgent Cases (Article 66)

Urgent situations can threaten individuals' rights and freedoms, demanding swift action. Article 66 empowers the EDPB to intervene and adopt provisional measures in such cases. This proactive stance ensures that data subjects' interests are safeguarded without delay, even before a final decision is reached. In scenarios where time is of the essence, the EDPB's ability to act decisively is a lifeline, preventing potential harm to individuals.

  • Advisory Role (Article 64)

The EDPB's advisory role extends to providing valuable guidance and recommendations to the European Commission, especially in the evaluation of data protection impact assessments (DPIAs) and the determination of adequate data protection levels in third countries. This advisory function ensures that decisions made at the EU level are well-informed and aligned with the fundamental principles of data protection. By offering its expertise, the EDPB contributes to the robustness and fairness of data protection assessments.

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  • Cooperation with Non-EU Countries (Article 61)

Data protection transcends national borders in our interconnected world. Hence, Article 61 underscores the importance of the EDPB's collaboration with relevant authorities outside the EU. This includes engagement with supervisory authorities in third countries, international organizations, and various stakeholders. The objective is clear: to promote and ensure the consistent application of data protection principles on a global scale. The EDPB's participation on the international stage is vital, as it fosters cooperation and alignment with data protection standards worldwide.

  • Promoting Awareness and Providing Training

Effective data protection hinges on awareness and education. The EDPB recognizes this and plays an active role in promoting public awareness and offering training to stakeholders, including data protection officers (DPOs). This educational aspect is instrumental in fostering a culture of data protection. By enhancing understanding and compliance with the GDPR, the EDPB empowers individuals and organizations alike to navigate the intricate terrain of data privacy confidently.

  • Annual Report (Article 68)

Transparency is a cornerstone of effective governance. To this end, the EDPB compiles an annual report on its activities, which is submitted to the European Parliament, the Council, and the Commission. This report serves as a transparency mechanism, offering insights into the EDPB's work and achievements. It allows for accountability and scrutiny of the EDPB's performance, reinforcing its commitment to transparency and openness. This annual report not only showcases the EDPB's accomplishments but also highlights areas that may require further attention, contributing to continuous improvement in data protection.

  • Budget and Staff

Adequate resources are essential to the EDPB's ability to fulfill its mission effectively. Article 70 underscores the necessity of financial autonomy and the provision of adequate staff. These resources ensure the EDPB's independence and competence in data protection matters. A well-equipped EDPB is better positioned to meet the ever-evolving challenges of data protection in the digital age.


Article 70 of the GDPR stands as a testament to the European Union's commitment to safeguarding data privacy. This article endows the European Data Protection Board with a formidable arsenal of tasks and responsibilities, empowering it to coordinate, advise, and intervene when necessary to protect the rights and freedoms of individuals concerning their personal data. In a world where data knows no boundaries, the EDPB's role becomes increasingly indispensable. By diligently executing these tasks, the EDPB contributes to the creation of a more secure and privacy-respecting digital environment in Europe and beyond. In doing so, it upholds the fundamental right to data protection, a cornerstone of modern democracy and human dignity.

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